- Šárka Němcová (guarantor)
- Šárka Němcová (guarantor), Jiří Čáp
- Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering
The subject gives a detailed explanation of the principle of imaging of planar and spherical surfaces based on the laws of geometrical optics. It also deals with monochromatic and color aberrations and basic visual instruments.
- Syllabus of lectures:
•Light as electromagnetic radiation. Wavefronts and rays. Refraction index, optical path. Polarization.
•Fermat’s principle. Reflection and refraction at planar boundary. Total internal reflection. Plane mirror and mirror systems. Refraction prisms: types and applications.
•Crown and flint glass, dispersion, Abbe number. Dispersion prisms:types, applications.
•Spherical sourface and systems of sourfaces – image forming, ray tracing, principal planes. Focal length, magnification.
•Thin and thick lens: image forming, types. Graphical and mathematical ray tracing.
•Thin lens combinations, system focus. Afocal attachment.
•Lens abarrations: monochromatic, color. Corrections of aberrations.
•Reading glasses. Magnifying glass: resolving power, magnification, types.
•Microscope: optical layout, main characteristics, anatomy.
•Image recording with a microscope. Inverted and stereomicroscope.
•Illumination in microscopy. Abbe theory of image forming.
•Contrast enhancing techniques in microscopy.
•Lens telescopes: Galilean, Keplerian. Focusing mechanisms. Image erecting systems.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
Problems related to the lecture content (calculations).
Laboratory tasks: Apex angle of a prism, Index of refraction and Abbe number, Focal length of a thick lens, Resolving power and optical aberrations
- Study Objective:
Understanding the laws of geometrical optics, image formation, the origin and nature of the aberrations. Understanding of basic optical instruments' principles.
- Study materials:
Dereniak E., Dereniak T.: Geometrical and Trigonometric Optics, Cambridge University Press, 2008
Kenyon I. R.: The Light Fantastic, Oxford University Press, 2008
- Time-table for winter semester 2019/2020:
Optika 1 - domek na dvořeroomT4:110
Optika 1 - domek na dvoře
Tue Fri Thu Fri
- Time-table for summer semester 2019/2020:
- Time-table is not available yet
- The course is a part of the following study plans: