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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2020/2021

Physics I

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
2021026 Z,ZK 5 4P+2L Czech
Lecturer:
Daniel Tischler, Petr Vlčák (guarantor), Jan Bartoníček, Zuzana Budinská, Petr Ducháček, Tomáš Horažďovský, Dominik Chren, Miroslav Jílek, Zdeněk Kohout, Jan Koller, Jiří Kuchař, Šimon Svoboda, Antonín Štěpánek, Václav Vacek, Eva Veselá
Tutor:
Daniel Tischler, Petr Vlčák (guarantor), Jan Bartoníček, Zuzana Budinská, Petr Ducháček, Tomáš Horažďovský, Dominik Chren, Miroslav Jílek, Zdeněk Kohout, Jan Koller, Jiří Kuchař, Šimon Svoboda, Antonín Štěpánek, Václav Vacek, Eva Veselá
Supervisor:
Department of Physics
Synopsis:

Kinematics and dynamics of a particle motion. Principle of conservation of energy. System of particles, centre of mass. Rigid body. Continuum, elastic properties of bodies. Oscillations, waves. Fluid mechanics. Temperature and heat transfer. Kinetic theory of gases. Thermodynamics. Electric field, current, conductivity, resistance. Conductors, semiconductors, insulators. Magnetic field. Magnetic materials. Laboratories - accuracy of measurements, systematic and random errors, uncertainty of direct and indirect measurements, regression, measurement of experiments related to the lectures.

Requirements:

The course is ended by passing the final assesment and an exam. In order to receive the assesment you have to attend all lab practicals. The are two levels of the exam : the writing part of the exam is the same for level „A“ and „B“. After passing this part, student will conduct an oral exam, at the level of their choice, „A“ or „B“. Level „B“ has lower requirements for derivations and maths forms of studied effects.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Physical quantities - vectors and scalars. Kinematics of a particle motion in one dimension.

2. Motion in two or three dimensions, circular motion. Newton's laws of motion. Galileian transformation.

3. Motion equations, applications. Dynamics of a circular motion. Work and energy. Principle of conservation of energy. Momentum, impulse, collisions. Centre of mass. Rigid body. Rotational and translational motions, the torque. Conservation of momentum and angular momentum.

4. Gravitation, Newton's law of universal gravitations. Potential and intensity of a gravitational filed, satellites. Fluid mechanics, surface tension.

5. Continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation. Viscosity. Temperature, heat, calorimetry. Internal energy, first law of thermodynamics.

6. Thermodynamic processes. The Carnot cycle. Equipartition of energy theorem. The second law of thermodynamics, entropy, probability, information.

7. Elasticity, stress, strain, elastic moduli. SHM, the physical pendulum, the simple pendulum, damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance.

8. Mechanical waves, types, mathematical description, sound, beats, the Doppler effect.

9. Electric charge, electric filed, intensity. Electric flux, Gauss's law, electric potential.

10. Capacitors, capacitance, energy of electric field, Gauss' law in dielectrics.

11. Electric current, resistivity, resistance, electromotive force.

12. Direct-current circuits, Kirchhoff's rules, power and energy in electric circuits.

13. Magnetic field, the Hall effect, magnetic materials.

14. Mass spectrometer, cyclotron. Sources of magnetic filed, Ampere's law.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Laboratory experiments concern the topics corresponding the lectures. Students are dvided into groups of two and each student must have his/her own report from each measurement.

Study Objective:

1. Physical quantities - vectors and scalars. Kinematics of a particle motion in one dimension. 2. Motion in two or three dimensions, circular motion. Newton's laws of motion. Galileian transformation. 3. Motion equations, applications. Dynamics of a circular motion. Work and energy. Principle of conservation of energy. Momentum, impulse, collisions. Centre of mass. Rigid body. Rotational and translational motions, the torque. Conservation of momentum and angular momentum., 4. Gravitation, Newton's law of universal gravitations. Potential and intensity of a gravitational filed, satellites. Fluid mechanics, surface tension., 5. Continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation. Viscosity. Temperature, heat, calorimetry. Internal energy, first law of thermodynamics., 6. Thermodynamic processes. The Carnot cycle. Equipartition of energy theorem. The second law of thermodynamics, entropy, probability, information., 7. Elasticity, stress, strain, elastic moduli. SHM, the physical pendulum, the simple pendulum, damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance., 8. Mechanical waves, types, mathematical description, sound, beats, the Doppler effect., 9. Electric charge, electric filed, intensity. Electric flux, Gauss's law, electric potential., 10. Capacitors, capacitance, energy of electric field, Gauss' law in dielectrics., 11. Electric current, resistivity, resistance, electromotive force., 12. Direct-current circuits, Kirchhoff's rules, power and energy in electric circuits., 13. Magnetic field, the Hall effect, magnetic materials., 14. Mass spectrometer, cyclotron. Sources of magnetic filed, Ampere's law.

Study materials:

oung, H.D., Freedman, R.A.: Sears and Zemansky' University Physics, 10th edition, Addison-Wesley, 2000, Vesela E., Physics I, CTU Publishing House, Prague, 2003, Vesela E., Vacek V. Physics - Laboratory Experiments, CTU Publishinhg House, Prague 1999

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
06:00–08:0008:00–10:0010:00–12:0012:00–14:0014:00–16:0016:00–18:0018:00–20:0020:00–22:0022:00–24:00
Mon
roomT4:D1-266
Koller J.
09:00–10:30
(lecture parallel1)
Dejvice
Posluchárna 266
roomT4:B2-148
Kohout Z.
Kuchař J.

14:15–15:45
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Ducháček P.
Chren D.

16:00–17:30
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Ducháček P.
Chren D.

17:45–19:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Budinská Z.
Horažďovský T.

09:00–10:30
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Tischler D.
Kuchař J.

12:30–14:00
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Budinská Z.
Koller J.

10:45–12:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:D1-366
Kohout Z.
12:30–14:00
(lecture parallel3)
Dejvice
Posluchárna 366
Tue
roomT4:D1-366
Kohout Z.
12:30–14:00
(lecture parallel3)
Dejvice
Posluchárna 366
roomT4:B2-148
Koller J.
Svoboda Š.

17:45–19:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Tischler D.
Horažďovský T.

12:30–14:00
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Kohout Z.
Chren D.

14:15–15:45
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Koller J.
Svoboda Š.

16:00–17:30
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
Fri
roomT4:B2-148
Budinská Z.
Ducháček P.

09:00–10:30
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Tischler D.
Horažďovský T.

12:30–14:00
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Koller J.
Chren D.

16:00–17:30
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Horažďovský T.
Chren D.

17:45–19:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:D1-266
Budinská Z.
11:30–13:15
(lecture parallel2)
Dejvice
Posluchárna 266
roomT4:B2-148
Koller J.
Ducháček P.

14:15–15:45
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
Thu
roomT4:D1-266
Koller J.
09:00–10:30
(lecture parallel1)
Dejvice
Posluchárna 266
roomKN:A-215
Tischler D.
15:00–16:45
(lecture parallel4)
Karlovo nám.
Posluchárna KA215
roomT4:B2-148
Chren D.
Bartoníček J.

17:45–19:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Horažďovský T.
Kohout Z.

10:45–12:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Tischler D.
Kohout Z.

12:30–14:00
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Chren D.
Bartoníček J.

16:00–17:30
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
Fri
roomT4:B2-148
Chren D.
Ducháček P.

10:45–12:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Horažďovský T.
Ducháček P.

12:30–14:00
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Chren D.
Svoboda Š.

14:15–15:45
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:D1-266
Budinská Z.
10:45–12:15
(lecture parallel2)
Dejvice
Posluchárna 266
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2020-09-20
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet5146106.html