Transformations of Cultural Landscapes

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
127TCL ZK 4 3P English
Jiří Kupka (guarantor), Jan Hendrych (guarantor)
Jiří Kupka (guarantor), Jan Hendrych (guarantor)
Department of Urban Design, Town and Regional Planning

An optional one-semester course will focus students on topics that deal with changes in the historic cultural landscape.

Syllabus of lectures:

The course will explore the traditional issues of functional and spatial organization of landscape parks and their systems within their urban structures and in the light of the new urbanism and transect theory, of landscape urbanism and sustainable built environments. The course will address the processes that have historically transformed landscapes and discus the traditional practices and techniques of garden, park and urban design, where the open spaces and natural systems are structuring the landscape and urban forms and sustainable built environments. Historic development and transformations of gardens, parks and landscapes, including philosophies, processes and techniques will be discussed and presented on the array of different relevant cases; from the Ancient times, through the mediaeval period, Renaissance, Baroque, Classicism, to our days. Depending on the weather conditions, there will be relevant field excursions executed.

Thematic areas of lectures / seminars:

1. Cultural Landscapes, definitions and concepts

2. Landscape character Care and protection, legislation, European Landscape Convention

3. Natural characteristics of landscape, Landscape and Climate change

4. Cultural and historical characteristics of landscape, Settlements, Cultivation

5. Farmers, prospectors and travelers, Cultural landscapes of prehistory

Landscapes and settlements of the Bronze Age, Ancient agricultural landscapes

6. Landscape and settlements of the Middle Ages,

Monasteries, towns and their gardens, Garden art, Orchards and vineyards

7. Renaissance of cultural landscapes

Parks, gardens and rebirth of cultural landscape

8. Mannerism, Baroque

New structural changes of the cultural landscapes

9. Classicism and enlightenment, Industrial revolution and new forms of landscape structuring, Country living, Ornamental farms, Romanticism and the Renaissance of nature in the countryside, Landscape park, aesthetics of rural and forest landscapes, structured landscapes

10. Landscape Urbanism, Landscape parks in settlements and industrial agglomerations, Structured urban park systems, Traditional and contemporary forms and trends

Syllabus of tutorials:

Field excursions within the course will be structured to enhance students' personal spatial experience with the issues of transformation, structuring, care, conservation and management of major sites of historic and contemporary landscapes, including public gardens, parks, and landscapes. Based on the knowledge, experience and practice that will be presented during the course through presentations, case studies and study field excursions, the students will actively participate in the preparation of individual papers in the form of written studies or essays on a chosen topic, or in the form of analytical graphic studies for selected problem sites

Thematic Field Excursions:

1. Vyšehrad Castle

2. Prague Castle, Strahov

3. The White Mountain plain, The Royal Game Preserve

4. Kotlářka, Hanspaulka, Baba, Šárka valley

5. Střešovice, Ořechovka - Urban structures and their transformations

6. Dejvice - The system of green spaces and public greenery

Study Objective:

Within the course presented problems will explore the origins, approaches, methods, principles and techniques of care, protection and management of structurally diversified cultural landscapes, as well as their transformations into current agro-industrial and suburban landscapes, in the light of the complexity of cultural, natural and aesthetic function values that traditionally shape the structural diversity of the environment.

Study materials:

Hazlehurst, F., Hamilton. Gardens of Illusion, The Genius of Andre Le Nôtre. Third printing, Vanderbilt University Press, 1986.

Hobhouse, Penelope. Gardening through the Ages. Simon & Schuster, New York, 1992.

Lasdun, Susan. The English Park: Royal, Private and Public. Vendome Press, 1991.

Lazaro, Claudia. The Italian Renaissance Garden. Yale Univerity Press, Yale, 1990.

Newton, T. Norman. Design on the Land. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1972.

Watkins, John and Wright, Tom (eds.). The Management and Maintenance of Historic Parks, Gardens and Landscapes: The English Heritage Handbook. Frances Lincoln Publishers, London, 2007.

Dhiru A. Thadani. The Language of Towns & Cities: A Visual Dictionary. Rizzoli, 2010.

Jellicoe, Geofrey, Susan. Landscape of Man, shaping the Environment from Prehistory to the Present Day. Thames and Hudson, London, 1975.

Krier, Leon. The Architecture of Community. Island Press, London, 2009.

Newton, T. Norman. Design on the Land. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1972.

Norberg-Schulz, Christian, Genius loci. Rizzoli, 1991.

Schama, Simon. Landscape and Memory. Random House, New York, 1996.

Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
Hendrych J.
(lecture parallel1)
Thákurova 7 (FSv-budova A)
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2020-11-29
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet4749706.html