Construction and Use of Anthropomorphic Phantoms in Calculations

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

The course is focused on theoretical and practical methods of creating mathematical models of anthropomorphic phantoms for the needs of modeling of doses in medical applications and radiation protection.


Additional requirements:

Prerequisites are basic knowledge of radiation physics, radiation interaction and radiation transport modeling. The advantage is knowledge of programming and working in Unix.

Syllabus of lectures:

Basic themes:

1) Principles and methods of dose simulation in medical applications and radiation protection

2) Development of phantoms in radiatiopn protection, development of anthropomorphic phantoms

3) Geometric phantoms, types and methods of description, advantages/disadvantages, areas of use

4) Voxel phantoms, methods of construction from 3D diagnostic data, BREP and 4D phantoms

5) Implementation of mathematical phantoms into model calculations

6) Program tools for the construction of anthropomorphic phantoms

7) Demonstrations and practical exercises (continuously, teaching is done in a computer lab)

Syllabus of tutorials:

According to individual needs, focusing on the problems solved in the dissertation

Study Objective:

Objective of the course:

Theoretical and practical mastering of basic methods of construction and use of mathematical models of anthropomorphic phantoms for modeling and calculations of organ or therapeutic doses in medical applications and radiation protection.

Study materials:


1. Dupree, S.A., Fraley, S.K .: A Monte Carlo Primer: A Practical Approach to Radiation Transport, ISBN-10: 0306467488, ISBN-13: 978-0306467486, Springer, 2002.

2. Dupree, S.A., Fraley, S.K .: A Monte Carlo Primer: Volume 2, ISBN-10: 0306485036, ISBN-13: 978-0306485039, Springer, 2004.

3. Udupa, K., K., Herman, G., T .: 3D Imaging in Medicine, ISBN 0-8493-3179-X, CRC Press LLC, 2000.

4. Xu, Xie G., Eckerman, K.F .: Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry, ISBN-10: 1420059793, ISBN-13: 978-1420059793, Taylor & Francis; 1st edition, 2009


1. LEE, CH .; LEE, J.-K. Computational anthropomorphic phantoms for radiation protection dosimetry: Evolution and prospects [online]. Nuclear Engineering and Technology, Vol. 38, No. 3, April 2006.

2. ZAIDI, H .; XU, X. G. Computational Anthropomorphic Models of Human Anatomy: The Path to Realistic Monte Carlo Modeling in Radiological Sciences [online]. Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 9, pp. 471-500, August 2007.

3. MCNPX User's Manual, Version 2.5.0, Documentation for CCC-715 / MCNPX 2.4.0 Code Package, LA-CP-05-0369, RSICC, Oak Ridge, April 2005

4. K.F. Eckerman, M. Cristy, and J.C. Ryman: The ORNL Mathematical Phantom Series

5. VAN RIPER, K.A. BodyBuilder User's Guide, Sabrina User's Guide, Scan2MCNP User's Guide, www.whiterockscience.com

(items 4 and 5 available in electronic form)

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-03-02
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet4579306.html