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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2019/2020

Physics 2

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
BE5B02PH2 Z,ZK 7 3P+1L+2C English
The course is a substitute for:
Physics 1 for EEM (AE1B02FY1)
Physics 2 for KyR (AE3B02FY2)
Physics 2 (AE8B02PH2)
Enrollement in the course requires an assessment of the following courses:
Physics 1 (BE5B02PH1)
Lecturer:
Stanislav Pekárek (guarantor), Jaroslav Jíra
Tutor:
Stanislav Pekárek (guarantor), Oleg Babčenko, Jan Fait, Jaroslav Jíra, Bohuslav Rezek
Supervisor:
Department of Physics
Synopsis:

Within the framework of this course the students will first of all learn foundations of thermodynamics. Following topic - the theory of waves - will give to the students basic insight into the properties of waves and will help to the students to understand that the presented description of the waves has a universal character in spite of the waves character. Particular types of waves, such as acoustic or optical waves are the subjects of the following section. Quantum mechanics and nuclear physics will complete the student?s general education in physics. The knowledge gained in this course will help to the students in study of such modern areas as

robotics, computer vision, measuring technique and will allow them to understand the principles of novel technologies and functioning of new electronic devices.

Requirements:

Assesment from Physics 1 course (BE5BO2PH1) or equivalent course.

Syllabus of lectures:

Lectures

1. Thermodynamic systems, state variables, temperature, heat, work, internal energy, ideal gas law, heat capacities, 1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics, thermodynamic processes, heat engines, entropy, heat transfer (conduction, convection and radiation), 3nd law of thermodynamics, thermal expansion, kinetic theory of gases.

2. Fundamentals of waves (phase velocity, group velocity, dissipation and dispersion of waves, dispersion relationship) general wave equation. Doppler effect. Wave equation for electromagnetic and acoustic waves, propagation of electromagnetic and acoustic waves.

3. Constructive and destructive interference, coherent waves, diffraction, Huygens´ principle.

4. Geometrical optics, light ray, paraxial approximation, Fermat´s principle, reflection and refraction, critical refraction.

5. Wave optics - Fresnel´s and Fraunhofer´s diffraction, interference of light.

6. Polarization and dispersion of light. Anisotropic media, Brewster law, application of polarization, liquid crystals.

7. Introduction to quantum mechanics - black-body radiation, photoelectric and Compton´s effect, Bohr´s model of atom.

8. Wave particle duality, wave function, de Broglie hypothesis, Born probability.

9. Schrodinger´s equation, (free particle, particle in a potential wall, tunnel effect, harmonic oscillator), uncertainty principle.

10. Motion in the central field, quantization of angular momentum, quantum numbers, spin, Fermions and bosons, Pauli exclusion principle.

11. Band theory of solids (conductors, semiconductors and dielectrics).

12. Lasers, spontaneous and stimulated emission, inverse population.

13. Fundamentals of nuclear physics, (nuclear properties, radioactivity, fission and fusion).

Syllabus of tutorials:

Temperature and heat

Thermodynamics

Waves, acoustic waves

Electromagnetic waves

Geometrical optics

Quantum physics

Nuclear physics

Study Objective:

The goal of the Physics 2 course is to provide the student with a broad understanding of the physical principles of the thermodynamics, waves, optics, quantum physics and nuclear physics. This course should help students to develop critical thinking and quantitative reasoning skills, to empower them to think creatively and critically to solve the problems associated with everyday life as well as with their professional career.

Study materials:

1. Halliday & Resnick, Fundamentals of Physics, Jearl Walker, Extended 9th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011.

2. Physics I, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Dept. of Physics FEE CTU, 1992.

3. Physics I - Seminars, M. Murla, S. Pekárek, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1995.

4. Physics II, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2003

5. Physics II - Seminars, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1996

6. Physics I - II, Laboratory manual, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2002.

7. Physics, Roller D.E., Blum R., Vol. 1 and Vol. 2, Holden Day Inc., 1981

Note:
Further information:
http://aldebaran.feld.cvut.cz/vyuka/physics_2/
Time-table for winter semester 2019/2020:
06:00–08:0008:00–10:0010:00–12:0012:00–14:0014:00–16:0016:00–18:0018:00–20:0020:00–22:0022:00–24:00
Mon
Tue
roomT2:A3-413b
Rezek B.
Babčenko O.

12:45–14:15
ODD WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Dejvice
Laboratoř K302
roomT2:C2-84
Jíra J.
16:15–17:45
(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Dejvice
Ucebna
room

18:00–19:30
(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.102)

roomT2:A3-413d
Rezek B.
Babčenko O.

12:45–14:15
ODD WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Dejvice
Laboratoř
roomT2:A3-414
Rezek B.
Babčenko O.

12:45–14:15
ODD WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Dejvice
Cvicebna
roomT2:A3-413b
Rezek B.
Babčenko O.

12:45–14:15
EVEN WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Dejvice
Laboratoř K302
roomT2:A3-413d
Rezek B.
Babčenko O.

12:45–14:15
EVEN WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Dejvice
Laboratoř
roomT2:A3-414
Rezek B.
Babčenko O.

12:45–14:15
EVEN WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Dejvice
Cvicebna
Fri
Thu
roomT2:C2-84
Pekárek S.
Jíra J.

09:15–11:45
(lecture parallel1)
Dejvice
Ucebna
Fri
Time-table for summer semester 2019/2020:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2020-08-04
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet4356406.html