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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2019/2020

Biofuels and Bioproducts from Wastes

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
2186013 Z 2 1+1 Czech
Lecturer:
Tutor:
Supervisor:
Department of Process Engineering
Synopsis:

The aim of this course is to acquaint students with promising technologies of production of alternative energy sources (biomethane, biohydrogen) and valuable substances as raw materials for production of eco-innovative materials (bioplastics, composite materials) from waste biomass like agricultural, food, industrial and biodegradable municipal wastes.

Requirements:

mandatory attendance of seminars; elaborating and presentation of semestrial paper of a selected topic

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Overview of waste biomass, bioproducts, biofuels, technological potential of biomass

2. Conversion factors waste to bioproducts, pretreatment of wastes

3. Wet anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

4. Dry anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

5. Aerobic fermentation ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

6. Composting ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

7. Biochar and pyrolysis ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

8. Biooil, biocrude oil, biodiesel ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

9. Gasification and combustion ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

10. Algae and its potential ? principle of cultivation, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, reactors

11. Substances with a high-added value ? overview of bioproducts, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

12. Production of bioplastics using enzymes, fungi and molds ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

13. Legislation, risk operations, environmental impact, recycling, future of biofuels and bioproducts

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Overview of waste biomass, bioproducts, biofuels, technological potential of biomass

2. Conversion factors waste to bioproducts, pretreatment of wastes

3. Wet anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

4. Dry anaerobic fermentation ? principle, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

5. Aerobic fermentation ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

6. Composting ? principle, products, flowsheet, description of technology, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

7. Biochar and pyrolysis ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

8. Biooil, biocrude oil, biodiesel ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

9. Gasification and combustion ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

10. Algae and its potential ? principle of cultivation, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, reactors

11. Substances with a high-added value ? overview of bioproducts, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

12. Production of bioplastics using enzymes, fungi and molds ? principles, flowsheets, description of technologies, process parameters, design of key machines and equipment

13. Legislation, risk operations, environmental impact, recycling, future of biofuels and bioproducts

Study Objective:
Study materials:

1. Wyman, CH.E. Aqueous pretreatment of plant biomass for biological and chemical conversion to fuels and chemicals. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, 2013, ISBN 978-0470972021.

2. Lee, S., Shah, Y.T. Biofuels and Bioenergy: Processes and Technologies. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2013, ISBN 978-1-4200-8955-4.

3. Nang, A. Biofuels refining and performance. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008, ISBN 978-0-07-148970-6.

4. Dorowitzka, M.A., Moheimani, N.R. Algae for Biofuels and Energy. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013, ISBN 978-94-007-5478-2.

5. Pila, S.: Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications. Wiley-Scrivener Publishing House, Salem, 1st Edition, 2012, ISBN 978-0-470-62607-8.

6. Newton, A.C., Cantarello, E. An introduction to the greeen economy: Science, systems, sustainability. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 2014, ISBN 978-0-415-71160-9.

Note:
Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2019-09-22
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet4153206.html