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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2019/2020

Radiotherapy I

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
17PBRRA1 KZ 2 1P+1C Czech
Lecturer:
Pavla Buřičová (guarantor), Pavla Nováková, Veronika Paštyková
Tutor:
Pavla Buřičová (guarantor), Lukáš Cupal
Supervisor:
Department of Health Care Disciplines and Population Protection
Synopsis:

The target of the subject is to acquaint students with principles of the use of ionizing radiation in the treatment of malignant tumours. An outline is presented of the main radiotherapeutic methods including applications of external beams of gamma radiation and electrons and also use of radioactive sources in brachytherapy. Radiotherapeutic appliances using 60Co and linear accelerator are detailed. Attention is also paid the problems of the quality control and beam calibration. Problems are also discussed associated with brachytherapy including determination of doses and certain specific requirements for radiation protection. In the lectures, new radiotherapeutic possibilities are also mentioned in terms of the use of neutrons and heavy charged particles. Requirements are conclusively presented concerning radiation protection in the field of radiotherapy, the special attention being paid to radiation accidents, their prevention and minimizing of their radiological consequences.

Requirements:

Active participation in seminars, including home preparation, required 100% attendance at seminars, absence can be excused only for serious and documented reasons for agreement with the exercises. The method of compensation shall exercise teacher. Credit will be awarded for essay submission, which will be acceptable leader for the exercise and successfully performed the control test and final test of the content of exercise and given a separate study. In the test, the student may use literature, Internet, mobile phone or consult with other students.

The written test is part of the combined control of:

- ABC-type answers (possibly more correct answers) - correctly answered question 1 point

- The answer when it is necessary to respond in writing (very important issues) - 5 points

Students can reach the maximum number of 80 points, with the successful execution of the recovery test is necessary to reach 60 points (75%) and more.

Graded credit will consist of written part of the contents of lectures, exercises and given a separate study. In the test, the student may use literature, Internet, mobile phone or consult with other students. The oral portion of the credit is classified only in the case of an ambiguous test evaluation.

test is combined from:

- ABC-type answers (possibly more correct answers) - correctly answered question 1 point

- The answer when it is necessary to respond in writing (very important issues) - 5 points

- The answer when it will be necessary to demonstrate the mathematical and physical knowledge (examples, etc.) - 5 - 15 points depending on the complexity of the issue

Students can reach the maximum number of 80 points, with the successful execution of the test is graded credit must achieve 60 points (75%) and more.

Rating ECTS:

A good 100-90 (excellent)

B 89-80 very good (very good)

C 79-70 well (good)

D 69-60 satisfactory (satisfactory)

E 59-50 enough (sufficient)

F 49-0 failed (failed)

Syllabus of lectures:

First The role of radiotherapy and principles as one of the important methods for the treatment of malignant tumors, external resource bundles: Co-60, linear accelerators, special equipment and aids, specifications, resources, and organization of radiation room shielding calculation

Second Requirements for radiation beam parameters: X-rays, electrons

Third Calibration of volume ionization chambers using special, phantoms and other devices, a comparative dosimetric measurements, auditing, the dose accuracy, quality control of the photon beam dose distribution, beam profile, the correction, quality control of electron beam dose distribution, beam profile, the correction, regular inspection and adjustment of parameters volumes (in accordance with the applicable protocol)

4th Simulators and imaging methods for planning treatments

5th Brachytherapy: principle of the method, radionuclides, dosimetric system, calculation of benefits

6th New trends in radiotherapy: a neutron and ion therapy

7th Radiation protection in radiotherapy, minimize accidents, mitigate their consequences

Syllabus of tutorials:

Practical exercises:

The role and principles of radiotherapy as one of the most important modalities in the treatment of malignant tumours.

Outline of main radiotherapeutic methods: the use of external radiation beam, brachytherapy.

Sources of external beams: 60Co, linear accelerators, special equipment and auxiliary tools.

Sources of external beams: 60Co, linear accelerators, special equipment and auxiliary tools, continued.

Specification of sources and arrangement of irradiation room, calculation of shielding.

Requirements for parameters of radiation beams: X-rays, electrons.

Calibration of the beam with the help of special ionization chambers, phantoms and further tools, dosimetric comparison of measurements, audit, precision of the dose determination.

Photon beam quality control, dose distribution, beam profile, relevant corrections.

Electron beam quality control, dose distribution, beam profile, relevant corrections.

Regular control and setting of beam parameters (in agreement with valid protocol).

Simulators and imaging techniques for planning therapeutic procedures.

Brachytherapy: principle of the method, radionuclides, dosimetric system, dose calculation.

New trends in radiotherapy: neutron and ion therapy.

Radiation protection in radiotherapy, minimization of accidents, moderation of their consequences.

Study Objective:

Targets:

to master basic knowledge within the subject to the extent necessary for the performance of the profession in the branch Radiology Assistant.

Study materials:

[1] Spurný, V. A Šlampa, P.: Moderní radioterapeutické metody, VI. díl, Radioterapie, IVPZ, Brno, 1999

[2] Petera, J.: Moderní radioterapeutické metody, V. díl, Brachyterapie, IVPZ, Brno, 1998

[3] Khan, F. M.: The Physics of Radiation Therapy, Lippincott Williams & Wikins, Philadelphia (USA), 2003

[4] Hendee, W. R, Ibbott, G. S. and Hendee, E. G.: Radiation Therapy Physics, Third edition, Wiley - Liss, New Jer-sey, 2002

[5] Feltl D., Cvek J., Klinická radiobiologie, Tobiáš, Praha, 2005

[6] Šlampa P., Petera J. a kol., Radiační onkologie, Galén, Praha, 2007

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2019/2020:
06:00–08:0008:00–10:0010:00–12:0012:00–14:0014:00–16:0016:00–18:0018:00–20:0020:00–22:0022:00–24:00
Mon
roomFNB
Cupal L.
13:00–14:50
EVEN WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.1)


FN Bulovka
roomFNB
Nováková P.
Buřičová P.

13:00–14:50
ODD WEEK

(lecture parallel1)

FN Bulovka
Tue
Fri
Thu
Fri
Time-table for summer semester 2019/2020:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2020-01-28
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet2846206.html