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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2019/2020

Radiodiagnostics I

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
17PBRRAD1 KZ 2 1P+1C Czech
Lecturer:
Kamila Harasová (guarantor)
Tutor:
Kamila Harasová (guarantor)
Supervisor:
Department of Health Care Disciplines and Population Protection
Synopsis:

The subject is oriented at understanding the principle and function of particular elements of radiodiagnostic systems (X-ray tube, generator, film, amplifier of the image, processing and evaluation of the image information). The students are familiarized with characteristics of the use of the interaction of X-rays for obtaining the diagnostic information required. Particular radiodiagnostic modalities are considered including routine skiascopy, skiagraphy, computerized tomography and also specific questions concerning mammography and dental diagnostics. Attention is also paid to the control of quality and its effects on minimizing radiation load to patients. Principles of radiation protection are discussed resulting in minimizing the personnel as well as public. Possibilities of potential accidents in radiodiagnostics and their prevention are also considered.

Requirements:

Active participation in seminars, including home preparation, required 100% attendance at seminars, absence can be excused only for serious and documented reasons for agreement with the exercises. The method of compensation shall exercise teacher. Credit will be awarded for essay submission, which will be acceptable leader for the exercise and successfully performed the control test and final test of the content of exercise and given a separate study. In the test, the student may use literature, Internet, mobile phone or consult with other students.

The written test is part of the combined control of:

- ABC-type answers (possibly more correct answers) - correctly answered question 1 point

- The answer when it is necessary to respond in writing (very important issues) - 5 points

Students can reach the maximum number of 80 points, with the successful execution of the recovery test is necessary to reach 60 points (75%) and more.

Graded credit will consist of written part of the contents of lectures, exercises and given a separate study. In the test, the student may use literature, Internet, mobile phone or consult with other students. The oral portion of the credit is classified only in the case of an ambiguous test evaluation.

The written portion of the graded final test is combined from:

- ABC-type answers (possibly more correct answers) - correctly answered question 1 point

- The answer when it is necessary to respond in writing (very important issues) - 5 points

- The answer when it is necessary to respond in writing (conversion relationships, etc.) - 1 point

- The answer when it will be necessary to demonstrate the mathematical and physical knowledge (examples, etc.) - 5 - 15 points depending on the complexity of the issue

Students can reach the maximum number of 80 points, with the successful execution of graded credit is necessary to reach 60 points (75%) and more.

Rating ECTS:

A good 100-90 (excellent)

B 89-80 very good (very good)

C 79-70 well (good)

D 69-60 satisfactory (satisfactory)

E 59-50 enough (sufficient)

F 49-0 failed (failed)

Syllabus of lectures:

Lectures:

The role of physics in radiodiagnostics, historical development and current trends.

Principles of imaging techniques based on X-rays, outline of main methods.

Functions and parameters of X-ray tube, high voltage generator.

Energy spectra and measurements of X-ray parameters, calculation of shielding, scattered radiation, requirements for X-ray tubes and radiodiagnostic working sites.

General skiascopy, filtration, film, parameters affecting the image quality.

Skiagraphy (fluoroscopy), amplifiers of the image, image digital processing.

Interventional radiology, radiation loading to the personnel.

Computerized tomography (CT), quality control, optimization of doses.

Specific arrangement of main elements and applications of diagnostic radiology: mammography, dental radiography.

Image information quality control.

Radiation loading to the patient in particular examinations and its optimization, recommended limit dose levels in agreement with appropriate regulations.

Minimization of personnel irradiation, use of protective means.

Minimization of irradiation of the public.

Accidents in diagnostic radiology, prevention of accidents, reconstruction of doses.

Syllabus of tutorials:

The role of physics in the radio-diagnostics, historical development and current trends

The principle of imaging techniques using X-ray survey of the main methods

The functions and parameters of X-ray tube, high voltage generator

Energy spectrum and parameters measuring X-ray shielding calculation, scattered radiation, the requirements of the department of Radiology and X-ray tubes

General fluoroscopy, filtration, film, parameters affecting image quality

Radiography (fluoroscopy), video amplifiers, digital image processing

Interventional radiology, radiation exposure of personnel

Computed tomography (CT), quality control, optimization benefits

Specific implementation of the main features and applications of diagnostic radiology: Mammography, dental radiography

Check Image Quality

Radiation dose for each patient examinations and its optimization, the recommended dose level of the border in accordance with relevant regulations

Minimize exposure of personnel, use protective equipment MMinimalizace public exposure,

Accidents in diagnostic radiology, accident prevention, reconstruction levy

Study Objective:

Targets:

to master basic knowledge within the subject to the extent necessary for the performance of the profession in the branch Radiology Assistant.

Study materials:

[1] Klener, V., Mikušová, M. a Vojtíšek, O.: Ochrana pacientů a zdravotnického personálu při radiodiagnostických vyšetřeních, Avicenum, Praha, 1987

[2] Kolektiv autorů (Editor: V. Klener): Principy a praxe radiační ochrany, SÚJB, Praha, 2000

[3] Martin, C.J. and Sutton, D.G.: Practical Radiation Protection in Health Care, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2002

[4] Johns, H. E. and Cunningham, J. R.: The Physics of Radiology (Fourth Edition), Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Spring-field (USA), 1983

[5] Nekula, J. Chmelová, J. vybrané kapitoly z konvenční radiologie. Ostravská univerzita ZSF Ostrava, 2005

[6] Ferda, J. Výpočetní tomografie, Galén, Praha, 2002

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2019/2020:
06:00–08:0008:00–10:0010:00–12:0012:00–14:0014:00–16:0016:00–18:0018:00–20:0020:00–22:0022:00–24:00
Mon
roomNH
Kulhová K.
10:00–11:50
EVEN WEEK

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.1)


Nemocnice Na Homolce
roomNH
Kulhová K.
10:00–11:50
ODD WEEK

(lecture parallel1)

Nemocnice Na Homolce
Tue
Fri
Thu
Fri
Time-table for summer semester 2019/2020:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2020-01-19
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet2846106.html