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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2019/2020

Pinches

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
02PINC ZK 3 2+0 Czech
Lecturer:
Pavel Kubeš (guarantor)
Tutor:
Supervisor:
Department of Physics
Synopsis:

In these lectures the students will be acquaint with the discharge principle of the generation of the plasma with the high energy density in which the neutrons are produced. The today knowledge of basic research and application are presented and scenario of future evolution is discussed.

Requirements:

Knowledge of basic course of physics

02TEF1,2 Theoretical physics 1,2

Syllabus of lectures:

1)Z-pinch: principle, types of discharges, characteristics, applications.

2)History, present state of research, different types of pinch version of the controlled thermonuclear fusion.

3)Stationary pinch, Bennett equilibrium, energy balance, electromagnetic collapse.

4)Dynamic pinch, instabilities.

5)Phenomenology of the magneto-hydrodynamics, frozen and diffusion magnetic field, magnetic energy and tension.

6)Magneto-hydrostatics, force-free configurations, self-organization of magnetic field (magnetic dynamo, alpha effect, turbulence, non-ideal plasma, ball lightning).

7)Z-pinch as the powerful laboratory source of intense X-rays, XUV lasers, XUV lithography.

8)Methods of detection and results of measurement of the VUV and X-ray emission with temporal, spatial and energy resolution.

9)Visual laser diagnostics, measurement of densities, density gradients and magnetic fields, examples.

10)Mechanisms of generation and detection of high-energy ions, electrons and hard X-rays.

11)Beam-target and thermonuclear mechanisms of generation of the fusion neutrons with temporal distribution.

12)Analysis of neutron signals with methods of time-of-flight, MC, methods of reconstruction and determination of temporal evolution of energy spectrum.

13)Z-pinch research in EU, Russia, USA and CR.

Syllabus of tutorials:

none

Study Objective:

Knowledge:

students will be acquaint with the discharge principle of the generation of the plasma with the high energy density in which the neutrons are produced

Skills:

application of the above mentioned knowledge

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] Ryutov, Derzon, Matzen: The Physics of Fast Pinces, Review of Modern Physics, Vol 72, 2000, pp. 167 - 221.

Recommended references:

[2] M.A. Liberman et al, Physics of High_Density Plasmas, Springer1998.

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2019/2020:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2019/2020:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2020-01-20
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet24891005.html