Inertial Fusion Physics
- Department of Physics
These lectures aim to introduce to the topic of inertial confinement fusion (ICF). Physical processes, which take place during the individual stages before and after ignition of the fuel are discussed. The problems (instabilities etc.), which make the inertial confinement and the ignition of the fuel more demanding are discussed and their potential solutions are presented. New projects in the field of ICF including the some preliminary reactor designes are reviewed.
Knowledge of basic course of physics
02TEF1,2 Theoretical physics 1,2
- Syllabus of lectures:
1) Earth energy balance, energy production methods, greenhouse effect, nuclear fusion
2) Options for fusion initialization, muon catalysis versus high temperature, Lawson criterion
3) Principle of Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), energy gain, necessity of fuel compression, directly driven and indirectly driven ICF, inertial confinement fusion for energy production (IFE)
4) Shell target, aspect ratio, ablative shell acceleration, shock wave, spherical cumulation
5) Hydrodynamic instabilities, laser imprint
6) Laser interaction, laser beam propagation in corona, laser beam homogenization, laser absorption, parametric instabilities, stimulatebrillouin and Raman scattering
7) Energy transport in target, electron heat flux, radiation transport
8) Fusion spark, fusion burn wave, induced magnetic fields, particle kinetics
9) Fast ignition of ICF, subpicosecond laser interactions with targets
10) Target manufacturing for ICF, special target layers, cryogenic targets
11) Interaction of intense ion beams with targets
12) Concepts of energy reactors for IFE, tritium production, first wall protection
13) Advantages and drawbacks of energy drivers for IFE
14) High energy density physics, strongly coupled plasma, Equation-of-State at extreme pressures, laboratory astrophysics
15) Other laser-plasma applications - X-ray laser and sources, electron and ion acceleration
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1) Energy balance in the compressed shell target
2) Energy gain from the target
3) Strong and weak shock waves and comparison with adiabatic compression
4) Rayleigh-Taylor instability
5) Laser-plasma instabilities
6) Abaltion and energy transport
- Study Objective:
Students should gain basic knowledge about the physical processes, which take place during the individual stages before and after ignition of the fuel, the problems, which make the inertial confinement and the ignition of the fuel more demanding and their potential solutions.
Understanding the basic processes taking part in the inertial confinement fusion and become familiar with the new findings and approaches in this topic.
- Study materials:
 S. Atzeni, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, The Physics of Inertial Fusion: Beam Plasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxforf 2004
 S. Eliezer, The Interaction of High/Power Lasers with Plasmas, Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol 2002
 K. Niu, Nuclear Fusion. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989.
 C. Yamanaka, Introduction to Laser Fusion, Harwood Academic, London 1991
 Laser Plasma Interactions 5: Inertial Confinement Fusion, edited by M.B. Hooper. SUSSP Publications, Edinburgh, 1995, pp. 105-137.
 W.L. Kruer, The Physics of Laser-Plasma Interactions. Addison-Wesley, New York, 1988.
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans: