Optical Physics 2
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

12FOPT2  Z,ZK  2  2+0  Czech 
 Lecturer:
 Marek Škereň
 Tutor:
 Marek Škereň
 Supervisor:
 Department of Physical Electronics
 Synopsis:

The lecture covers the basics of the diffractive optics. It discusses the scalar theory of diffraction and thoroughly analyses the approaches of Fresnel, Kirchhoff, Sommerfeld, and others. The rigorous theory of diffraction is also briefly mentioned. The second part of the lecture is devoted to the optical diffractive structures, thin and volume diffraction gratings, and synthetic diffractive structures. Various approaches to the analysis and synthesis of the diffractive elements are discussed. The last part is devoted to the optical holography, holographic techniques, recording materials, and various applications of holograms.
 Requirements:

It is recommended to finish the subject Optical Physics 1 (12FOPT1) prior to the Optical Physics 2.
 Syllabus of lectures:

1. Introduction  motivation, overview of applications of the diffractive structures.
2. Scalar theory of diffractoin  introduction to the scalar theory of diffraction, approaches of Fresnel, Kirchhoff, and Sommerfeld, inconsistencies of these approaches, elements of the rigorous theory of diffraction.
3. Fourier optics approach  linear transfer systems, diffraction of light as a transfer system.
4. Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction  the Fresnel and Fraunhofer approximations to the scalar diffraction integral, limitations, examples, analytical solutions, the Cornu spiral and other graphical representations, numerical simulations.
5. Diffractive structures  thin gratings  the grating equation, the diffraction efficiency of the thin grating, examples, spatially limited gratings, the Fresnel diffraction on the thin grating  the Talbot effect.
6. Diffractive structures  volume gratings  the volume synchronism, the Bragg condition, selectivity of the volume grating, the Kogelnik's theory, approximative and rigorous approaches, numerical simulations.
7. Diffractive structures  general diffractive structures  the synthetic holography, various design approaches.
8. Optical holography  introduction to the optical holography, the transmission holograms, the reflection holograms, copying of holograms, various recording geometries, the rainbow holograms, the holographic stereograms, the color holograms, applications.
9. Realization of diffracitve structures  the recording materials, preparation and processing  SHG, DCG, polymers, photoresists, synthetic fabrication mehods  the ebeam lithography, laser lithography, the dynamic elements.
 Syllabus of tutorials:
 Study Objective:

Knowledge:
The goal of study is to acquaint with the diffraction of light, various theories of diffraction, analysis and synthesis of the diffractive structures and holograms.
Skills:
Analysis of the diffraction of light by various apertures and diffraction gratings, realization of different types of holograms.
 Study materials:

Key references:
[1] Fiala P., Richter I.: Optical Physics (Fyzikální optika), FJFI ČVUT, Praha, 2005. (in Czech)
Recommended references:
[2] Born M., Wolf E.: Principles of Optics, Pergamon Press, London, 1993 (sixth edition).
[3] Stratton J.A.: Electromagnetic Theory, McGraw  Hill, New York, 1941.
[6] Saleh B.E.A., Teich M.C.: Fundamentals of Photonics, J. Wiley, New York, 1991.
[7] Hecht E., Zajac A.: Optics, Addison Wesley, London, 1987 (second edition).
[8] Lipson S.G., Lipson H., Tannhauser D.S.: Optical Physics, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1995 (third edition).
[9] Goodman J.W.: Intoduction to Fourier Optics, McGrawHill Book Company, New York, 1996 (second edition).
[10] Hutley M.C.: Diffraction gratings, Academic Press, London, 1982.
[11] Collier R.J., Burckhard C.B., Lin L.H.: Optical Holography, Academic Press, New York, 1971.
 Note:
 Timetable for winter semester 2020/2021:
 Timetable is not available yet
 Timetable for summer semester 2020/2021:
 Timetable is not available yet
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Laserová technika a elektronika (elective course)
 Optika a nanostruktury (compulsory course of the specialization)