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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2019/2020

History of Physics 2

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
02DEF2 Z 2 2+0 Czech
Lecturer:
Igor Jex (guarantor), Miroslav Myška
Tutor:
Igor Jex (guarantor), Miroslav Myška
Supervisor:
Department of Physics
Synopsis:

Development of classical mechanics after Newton, Bernoulli's, Euler, Lagrange.

Historical development of optics, corpuscular and wave approach. Electricity and magnetism - electrostatics, galvanism, electrodynamics and electromagnetism, Faraday and Maxwell. Thermodynamics and its laws, statistical physics, Boltzmann. The birth of modern quantum and relativistic physics, Planck and Einstein. Discovery of radioaktivity, structure of atom, atomic nucleus, Rutherford and Bohr. The way to nuclear energy, Elementary particles, standard model. The concept of Nature and Universe of today.

Requirements:

Knowledge and understanding the development of classical and modern physics according to the course History of Physics 1.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. The development of classical mechanics after Newton, Bernoulli, Euler, Lagrange, Laplace. 2. Historical development of optics, corpuscular and wave approach. 3. Electricity and magnetism -- electrostatics, galvanism, electrodynamics and electromagnetism, Faraday and Maxwell. 4. Thermodynamics and its laws, statistical physics, Boltzmann. 5. Scientific revolution in the 20th century, the birth of modern physics. 6. Planck and quantum hypothesis. 7. Einstein and special theory of relativity. 8. The discovery of radioactivity, atomic structure, atomic nucleus, Rutherford and Bohr. 9. The birth of quantum physics and its applications, Heisenberg, Schrödinger. 10. The discovery of uranium fission, the way to atomic energy. 11. Cosmic radiation, accelerators, elementary particles and standars model. 12. Einstein and the Univeryse, general theory of relativity. 13.The concept of Nature and Universe of today.

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:

Knowledge:

To be acquainted with the origin of Newtonian classical mechanics, Faraday's and Maxwellian theory of electromagnetism as well as the development of of thermodynamics and statistical physics. To understand the logical resulting of classical physics towards the relativistic, quantum and nuclear physics of 20th century and bring some considerations regarding their future development.. .

Abilities:

According to personal interests to broaden one's knowledge by further study of literature, be able to work with the historical sources and to prepare essays on the chosen thema from this period of physics..

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] I. Štoll: History of Physics, Praha, Prometheus 2009 (in Czech)

[2] I. Kraus: Physics in the Cultural History of Europe, Praha, ČVUT 2007, 2008, 2009 (in Czech)

Recommended references:

[3] T. Bührke: Revolutionary Discoveries in Physics, Praha, Academia 1999.

[4] L. Eckrtová: Ways of Discovering in Physics, Praha, Prometheus 2004.

[5] A. Einstein, L. Infeld: Physics as an Adventure of Mind, Praha, Orbis 1971.

[6] V. Malíšek: What do you know about the History of Physics, Praha, Horozonz 1996.

[7] R. Zajac, J. Šebesta: Historical Sources of Contemporary Physics, Bratislava, Alfa 1990..

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2019/2020:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2019/2020:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2019-10-13
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet23536105.html