Physiology and Anatomy
- The course cannot be taken simultaneously with:
- Physiology (X33FZG)
- The course is a substitute for:
- Physiology (X33FZG)
- Department of Cybernetics
The subject is focused on physiology of specific organ systems in human physiology, it reviews the physiological functions on the level of cell and organ systems. There are described basic principles of physiological functions: attention is given to the connection between structure and function as well as to the role of biological membranes and their importance for body functions. Moreover, the subject studies specific systems, such as homeostasis and internal environment regulation, blood, basic principles of immunology. In addition to that, there are explained also some other systems, such as respiration, blood circulation, digestion (gastrointestinal tract), metabolism, renal functions, reproduction and development, aging, humoral regulation, neurophysiology and physiology of senses.
From the view of anatomy there are emphasized basic morphological structures as cell, muscle composition and neuronal structures. There are reviewed in a systematic way the structures of respiratory tract, circulation system,gastrointestinal tract, renal, reproductive system and central and autonomous nervous system.
Presentation of the exercises 80%.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1. Connection between function and structure.
2. Principles of physiological functions, basic regulation in the organism.
4. Blood. The funtion of blood elements, blood groups, haemostasis. Immunology.
5. Respiration. Respiratory centre as an example of simple neuronal network.
6. Circulation as dynamic mean of homeostasis.
7. Gastrointestinal tract.
8. Physiology of metabolism.
9. Renal functions.
10. Reproduction and development. Physiology of gravidity. 11. Humoral regulation.
12. Autonomic nervous system.
13. Central nervous system.
14. Receptors. Senses.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1. Cellular membrane model.
2. Acidobasic hoeostasis.
3. The model of circulation.
5. The model of respiratory system.
6. ECG and its analysis,
7. The model of heart function.
8. The model of glycemia regulation.
9. The model of Henle loop and glomerularní filtration.
10. Physiology of aging.
11. The Model oof termoregulation and metabolism.
12. The model of autonomic nervous system.
13. The test of psychic functions, the short memory test.
- Study Objective:
The aim of the subjet is to gain basic informations about human organism function and to understand the function of all organism systems.
- Study materials:
 Anatomy physiology. Complete version. WCB 1995.
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans:
- Biomedicínské inženýrství a informatika - Biomedicínská informatika (compulsory course in the program)
- Biomedicínské inženýrství a informatika - Biomedicínské inženýrství (compulsory course in the program)