Logo ČVUT
CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2018/2019

Radiation Protection of Nuclear Facilities

Login to KOS for course enrollment Display time-table
Code Completion Credits Range
17ROJ ZK 2 2+0
Lecturer:
Radovan Starý (guarantor)
Tutor:
Supervisor:
Department of Nuclear Reactors
Synopsis:

The course is aimed at gaining a deeper knowledge in the field of radiation protection of the biological effects of ionizing radiation; exposure assessment and its optimization for staff and personnel in nuclear facilities.

Requirements:

17URO

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Radiation protection of nuclear facilities

Scope: 1 lecture

Introduction, purpose and tasks of radiation protection, safety culture in radiation protection, the purpose of radiation protection at the workplace. Literature review, study materials.

2. Dosimetry and ionizing radiation

Scope: 4 lectures

Quantities characterizing the radiation source (activity, emission of source, radioactive equilibrium),

Quantities characterizing the radiation field (Fluence, Fluence of energy, Radiance), interaction of radiation with matter.

Quantities characterizing the effects of ionizing radiation on the matter - exposure, dose, kerma, and their relationship

Protection against alpha, beta, gamma rays and neutron; methods for quick shielding calculation.

2. Biological effects of ionizing radiation

Scope: 4 lectures

Methods of irradiation of an organism. Distribution of radionuclides in a body.

Quantities used in the protection against ionizing radiation (dose equivalent, quality factor, effective dose, collective effective dose)

Sources of knowledge about the biological effects of ionizing radiation, biological effects of ionizing radiation on living organisms. Radiation effects in biological systems, effects of ionizing radiation on cell and tissue, Linear non-threshold theory (LNT) - and its disruption, DNA repair mechanisms.

3. Radiation Protection

Scope: 4 lectures

Radiation protection; principles of ALARA, Radiation Limits (SONS Decree No. 307/2002)

Method of protection against the effects of ionization radiation, ionizing radiation in the environment.

Stochastic and deterministic effects of ionizing radiation on human organism. Acute radiation sickness, radiation dermatitis.

Determination of exposure of staff during work with ionizing radiation and its assessment for radiation protection. Determination of the collective dose. Organization of work in terms of minimizing the exposure of workers and in a nuclear facility.

Syllabus of tutorials:

-

Study Objective:

Knowledge: to acquire a deeper knowledge of the dosimetry of ionizing radiation and nuclear protection

Abilities: analyze and evaluate the radiation situation during work with ionizing radiation, optimize the exposure of staff and public

Study materials:

Key references:

Principles and eperinece of radiation protection, team authors, Státní úřad pro jadernou bezpečnost, SÚJB, Praha 2000 (in Czech)

Recommended references:

SOURCES AND EFFECTS OF IONIZING RADIATION, UNSCEAR 2000 REPORT Vol. I, http://www.unscear.org

Bodansky D.: Nuclear Energy: Principles, Practices, and Prospects, 2nd ed. editionRadiation Detection and Measurement, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Springer-Verlag New York, 2004

Media and tools:

Portable devices dosimetry RDS120 Rados, RADOS200, Berthold LB122, Tesla NB3201. The monitoring system VR-1

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2018/2019:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2018/2019:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2019-06-18
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet1562706.html