Physics 1 for KyR
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

AE3B02FY1  Z,ZK  6  4+2L 
 Lecturer:
 Stanislav Pekárek (guarantor)
 Tutor:
 Stanislav Pekárek (guarantor), Jaroslav Jíra
 Supervisor:
 Department of Physics
 Synopsis:

The basic course of physics at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering  Physics 1, is devoted to the introduction into two important areas of physics. The first one is a classical mechanics and the second one is the electric and magnetic field. Within the framework of the classical mechanics, the students study the particle kinematics; dynamics of the mass particle, system of mass particles and rigid bodies. The students should be able to solve basic problems dealing with the description of mechanical systems, which they can meet during their further studies. The classical mechanics is followed by the relativistic mechanics, electric and magnetic field  both stationary as well as nonstationary. The students can use the facts gained in this course in the study of electrical circuits, theory of electrotechnical materials or radioelectronics. Apart of this, the knowledge gained in this course is required for the study of the consecutive course Physics 2.
 Requirements:

Knowledge of physics and mathematics from the secondary school. Basic knowledge of the differential and integral calculus of the function of one variable and linear algebra.
 Syllabus of lectures:

1.Units, system of units. Physical fields. Reference frames.
2.Particle kinematics (rectilinear motion, circular motion, motion in three dimensions).
3.Newton?s laws, inertial and noninertial reference frames, equations of motion in inertial and noninertial reference frames.
4.Work, power, conservative fields, kinetic and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy law.
5.Foundations of analytical mechanics  conservation laws, constraints, generalized coordinates, Lagrangian, Lagrange's equations of the 2nd order for conservative systems. Hamiltonian, Hamilton's canonical equations.
6.Central forces, motion in the field of central force. Kepler´s laws, Newton´s law of universal gravitation, gravitational field of the system of n particles and extended bodies. Gravitational field intensity, potential and energy.
7.Mechanical oscillating systems. Simple harmonic motion damped and forced oscillations. Resonance of displacement and velocity. Combination of oscillatory motions.
8.System of nparticles, isolated and nonisolated systems, conservation of linear and angular momentum laws. Conservation of mechanical energy law for the system of nparticles. Center of mass and center of gravity. Rigid bodies, general motion, equations of motion, rotation of the rigid body with respect to the fixed axis and to the fixed point
9.Elasticity, stress, Hooke´s law.
10.Introduction to the mechanics of fluids  Eulerˇs equation, barometric formulae, Bernoulli´s equation, Pascal´s and Archimedes principle.
11.Fundamentals of theory of relativity, Lorentz transformation, relativistic kinematics and dynamics.
12.Electric charge, Coulomb?s law, electric field intensity and potential of the system of point charges and continuously distributed charges. Gauss´ law, Maxwell´s equations for the electrostatic field in vacuum. Electric dipole, polarization and electric displacement vector, dielectrics in electric field. Maxwell´s equations for realworld materials. Conductor in electric field, Faraday´s cage. Capacitance, capacitor. Energy of the electrostatic field.
13.Stationary electric current, current density, conservation of an electric charge law, electromotive force, junction rule and loop theorem. Ohm´s law, Joule´s law. Magnetostatic field. Lorentz force, Ampere´s and BiotSavart´s law. Magnetic dipole moment, magnetization, magnetic field strength. Current carrying conductor in magnetic field. Magnetic properties of matter. Energy of the magnetostatic field
14.Electromagnetic induction, energy of the electromagnetic field. Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves, wave equation, propagation of electromagnetic waves.
 Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Introduction, safety instructions, laboratory rules, list of experiments, theory of errors.
2.Uncertainties of measurements. Measurement of the volume of solids.
3.2nd Newton´s law and collisions.
4.Measurement of the acceleration due to the gravity with a reversible pendulum and study of the gravitational field.
5.Young?s modulus of elasticity .
6.Forced oscillations  Pohl´s torsion pendulum.
7.Measurement of the characteristics of the PEM fuel element.
8.Test from Physics I.
9.Motion of an electron in a crossed electric and magnetic fields. Measurement of the ratio e/m of an electron.
10.Measurement of the permittivity of dielectrics.
11.Measurement of magnetic fields.
12.Measurement of the force acting on the current carrying conductor.
13.Measurement of the coefficient of thermal conductivity of metals
14.Grading of laboratory reports. Assessment.
 Study Objective:
 Study materials:

1.Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J.: Fyzika, VUTIUMPROMETHEUS, 2000.
2.Kvasnica, J., Havránek, A., Lukáč, P., Sprášil, B.: Mechanika, ACADEMIA, 2004.
3.Sedlák, B., Štoll, I.: Elektřina a magnetismus, ACADEMIA, 2002.
4.Fyzika I a II  fyzikální praktikum, M. Bednařík, P. Koníček, O. Jiříček.
5.Physics I, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Dept. of Physics FEE CTU, 1992.
6.Physics I  Seminars, M. Murla, S. Pekárek, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1995.
7.Physics I  II, Laboratory manual, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2002.
 Note:
 Further information:
 https://moodle.fel.cvut.cz/courses/AE3B02FY1
 No timetable has been prepared for this course
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Cybernetics and Robotics  Robotics (compulsory course in the program)
 Cybernetics and Robotics  Senzors and Instrumention (compulsory course in the program)
 Cybernetics and Robotics  Systems and Control (compulsory course in the program)
 Electrical Engineering, Power Engineering and Management  Applied Electrical Engineering (elective course)
 Electrical Engineering, Power Engineering and Management  Electrical Engineering and Management (elective course)
 Communications, Multimedia and Electronics  Communication Technology (elective course)
 Communications, Multimedia and Electronics  Multimedia Technology (elective course)
 Communications, Multimedia and Electronics  Applied Electronics (elective course)
 Communications, Multimedia and Electronics  Network and Information Technology (elective course)
 Open Informatics  Computer Systems (elective course)
 Open Informatics  Computer and Information Science (elective course)
 Open Informatics  Software Systems (elective course)
 Electrical Engineering, Power Engineering and Management (elective course)
 Communications, Multimedia and Electronics (elective course)
 Cybernetics and Robotics (compulsory course in the program)
 Open Informatics (elective course)
 Communications, Multimedia and Electronics  Communications and Electronics (elective course)