Physics 2 for KyR

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
A3B02FY2 Z,ZK 6 3+2L Czech
Enrollement in the course requires an assessment of the following courses:
Physics 1 for KyR (A3B02FY1)
Michal Bednařík, Petr Kulhánek (guarantor), Jan Koller, Petr Koníček
Michal Bednařík, Petr Kulhánek (guarantor), Jakub Cikhardt, Balzhima Cikhardtová, Milan Červenka, Vojtěch Adalbert Delong, Vratislav Fabián, Viktor Hruška, Jaroslav Jíra, Ondřej Jiříček, Daniel Klír, Jan Koller, Petr Koníček, Jiří Kortánek, Adam Koutný, Lukáš Matera, Jan Píchal, Jaroslav Plocek, Karel Řezáč, Ladislav Sieger, Martin Žáček
Department of Physics

The course Physics II is closely linked with the course Physics I. Within the framework of this course the students will first of all learn foundations of thermodynamics. Following topic - the theory of waves - will give to the students basic insight into the properties of waves and will help to the students to understand that the presented description of the waves has a universal character in spite of the waves character. Particular types of waves, such as acoustic or optical waves are the subjects of the following section. Quantum mechanics and nuclear physics will complete the student´s general education in physics. The knowledge gained in this course will help to the students in study of such modern areas as robotics, computer vision, measuring technique and will allow them to understand the principles of novel technologies and functioning of new electronic devices.

In the seminars, students will solve complex physics problems based on the use of the mathematical software Maple.


Knowledge of Physics I. Basic knowledge of the differential and integral calculus of the function of more variable and linear algebra.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Temperature, heat, kinetic theory of gases, ideal gas law, thermal expansion of matter.

2.Work internal energy, 1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics, entropy and probability, 3nd law of thermodynamics.

3.Fundamentals of waves (phase velocity, group velocity, dissipation and dispersion of waves, dispersion relationship) general wave equation.

4.Superposition of waves, Huygens´ principle, diffraction of waves, Doppler effect, rays approximation.

5.Acoustic waves, fundamental quantities, linear wave equation of acoustics, intensity level and acoustic pressure level.

6.Geometrical optics - light ray, Fermat´s principle, reflection and refraction, critical refraction, thin lenses.

7.Wave optics - diffraction, Fresnel´s and Fraunhofer´s diffraction, interference of light, Bragg´s law, interferometry, foundations of the Fourier´s optics.

8.Polarization and dispersion of light. Anisotropic media, application of polarization, liquid crystals. Holography. Luminescence (photoluminescence, electroluminescence and triboluminescence).

9.Fundamentals of photometry (luminous flux, luminous intensity, illuminance, luminous emittance, adsorption of light).

10.Introduction to quantum mechanics - black-body radiation, photoelectric and Compton´s effect, Bohr´s model of atom.

11.Wave properties of matter, Schrodinger´s equation, uncertainty principle, particle in a potential well, tunnel effect, quantum dot.

12.Quantum numbers, band theory of solids (conductors, semiconductors and dielectrics).

13. Lasers (gaseous, semiconductor and ruby).

14.Fundamentals of nuclear physics, radioactivity, sub-nuclear particles. Accelerators. Fusion and fission.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Introduction, safety instructions, laboratory rules, list of experiments.

2.Statistical distributions in physics. Poisson´s and Gauss´ distribution - demonstration using the radioactive decay.

3.Measurement of the speed of sound using sonar and acoustic Doppler effect. Diffraction of acoustic waves.

4.Measurement of reflection of polarized light (Fresnel´s formulae).

5.Determination of the Boltzmann´s constant from the volt-ampere characteristics of the p-n junction.

6.Thermal expansion of solids and liquids.

7.Peltier´s cell.

8.Test from Physics II.

9.Absorbtion of ionizing radiation by materials.

10.Photoelectric effect and Planck´s constant.

11.Franck-Hertz experiment and measurement of excitation energy of the mercury atom.

12.Diffraction of light, Fresnel´s and Fraunhofer´s diffraction.

13.Measurement of wavelength by prism spectrometer.

14.Grading of laboratory reports. Assessment.

Study Objective:
Study materials:

1.Physics I, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Dept. of Physics FEE CTU, 1992.

2.Physics I - Seminars, M. Murla, S. Pekárek, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1995.

3.Physics II, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2003.

4.Physics II - Seminars, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1996.

5.Physics I - II, Laboratory manual, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2002.

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2019-10-17
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet12565404.html