Nuclear and Radiation Physics 2

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Code Completion Credits Range
16JRF2 Z,ZK 4 2+2
Ladislav Musílek (guarantor)
Tomáš Urban (guarantor)
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

General laws of radioactivity, radioactivity alpha, proton radioactivity, radioactivity beta, gamma-ray emission, natural radioactivity, general characteristics of nuclear reactions, nuclear reaction types, direct reactions and compound nucleus, nuclear fission, transuranium elements, nuclear fusion.


Required prerequisities are Courses of mathematics and physics on the level of basic courses at the FNSPE and course 16JRF1.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.The most important types of radioactive decay, statistical character of decay

2.Kinetics of radioactive decay, radioactive equilibrium

3.Essential experimental knowledge on alpha decay (energy spectra, Geiger-Nuttall formula, etc.)

4.Tunnel effect and mechanism of alpha decay

5.Proton radioactivity, its discovery and types

6.Three types of beta decay and their energy balance

7.Neutrino and its experimental proof

8.Basic principles of the Fermi theory of beta decay

9.Beta decay of neutron

10.Emission of gamma rays, internal conversion

11.Resonance absorption of gamma rays

12.Natural radioactivity, radioactive series

13.General characteristics and energy balance of nuclear reactions

14.Conservation laws in nuclear reactions

15.Mechanisms of nuclear reactions - compound nucleus

16.Mechanisms of nuclear reactions - direct reactions

17.Nuclear reactions with neutrons, nuclear fission

18.Transuranium elements, their production and properties

19.Nuclear reactions with charged particles

20.Photonuclear reactions

21.Thermonuclear reaction in cosmic bodies and in terrestrial conditions

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. (radio-)activity - quantities and relations among them, energy released during radioactive decay

2. alpha decay, Geiger-Nutall formula

3. beta decay - beta minus, beta plus, electron capture

4. internal conversion, emission of gamma photons - redistribution of excitation energy

5. genetically linked radionuclides, decay series

6. nuclear reaction (NR), conservation laws, kinematics of NR

7. energy of nuclear reaction, energy treshold of nuclear reaction

8. nuclear reaction of charger particles

9. photonuclear reaction

10. neutron nuclear reaction, nuclear fission

11. thermunuclear reaction

12. production of (radio-)nuclides, transuranic elements

13. credit test

Study Objective:


Knowledge of nuclear and radiation physics as the basis for more specialized courses on the detection, dosimetry and the use of ionizing radiation in various applications of science and technology. Extending the knowledge gained in the course 16JRF1.


Application of basic knowledge on complex systems, usable for various applications.

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] L. Musílek: Úvod do fyziky ionizujícího záření, Praha, SNTL 1979

Recommended references:

[2] J.S. Lilley: Nuclear Physics - Principles and Applications. Chichester, Wiley 2001

[3] K.N. Muchin: Eksperimental'naja jaděrnaja fizika I. Moskva, Eněrgoatomizdat 1983

[4] J. Magill - J. Gally: Radioactivity, Radionuclides, Radiation. Berlin, Springer 2005

[5] B. Povh - K. Rith - C. Scholz - F. Zetsche: Particles and Nuclei - An Introduction to the Physical Concepts. Berlin, Springer 1999

[6] B.R. Martin: Nuclear and Particle Physics - An Introduction. Chichester, Wiley 2006

[7] W. Loveland - D.J.Morisey - G.T. Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry. Hoboken, Wiley 2006

Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-02-26
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet12068305.html