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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2020/2021

Fundamentals of Radiation Dosimetry 2

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range
16ZDO2 Z,ZK 4 2+2
Lecturer:
Tutor:
Supervisor:
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation
Synopsis:

Principles and methods of measurements in dosimetry. Measurements of activity (Poisson distribution, dead-time, coincidence method, 2PI a 4PI counters, internal gas counters, liquid scintillation detectors), neutron source emission, dose measurements (Bragg-Gray principle, and high and low dose integral methods in dosimetry), exposure measurements (normal ionization chamber, cavity chamber).

Requirements:

Subject 16ZDO1

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Principles and methods of measurements in dosimetry. Measurements of activity (Poisson's distribution, dead time, measurements with one detector, coincidence methods, 2PI and 4PI counters, internal gas counters, liquid scintillation detectors). Emission measurements of neutron sources.

2.Dose measuring. Summary of cavity chamber theory. Bragg-Gray cavity theory, its results and deficiencies.

3.Application of cavity theory to dose measurements with ionization chamber. Description and performance of ionization chambers. Application of Bragg-Gray cavity theory

4.Overview of integral methods for low dose determination. Demands posed on low dose measurements. Film dosimeters, principle of creation of photographic record, properties of film dosimeters.

5.Film dosimeters - effects of ionizing radiation on film dosimeters, energy dependence and its elimination; errors, advantages and disadvantages of film dosimeters.

6.Nuclear emulsion - properties of nuclear emulsion, performance and application of dosimeters using nuclear emulsion.

7.Thermoluminescence and radiophotoluminescence - principle of thermoluminescence, its application in dosimetry, instrumentation, thermoluminescence materials; principle of radiophotoluminescence and its application in dosimetry.

8.Track detectors - creation mechanism and etching of tracks, detectors and etching agents, evaluation and application of track detectors.

9.Measurements of high doses. Properties of chemical dosimeters. Fricke and Hart dosimeters.

10.Dosimeters using colorization effect - principle and available materials. Activation detectors - principle and available materials.

11.Others integral methods in dosimetry. Exoelectron emission, lyoluminescence, silicon diode

12.Exposure measurement -normal ionization chamber and cavity chamber

13.Summary of detection and dosimetry of ionizing radiation.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Interactions of charged particles

2.Stopping power

3.Range of particles

4.Exposure

5.Kerma

6.Dose - charged particles

7.Dose - photons

8.Equivalent and effective dose

9.Ionizing chambers

10.Metrology

11.Calibration of dosimeters

12.Test

Study Objective:

Knowledge:

Knowledge of quantities and units in radiological physics and dosimetry.

Abilities:

Application of quantities and units in radiological physics and dosimetry.

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] Dosimetry of Ionizing Radiation (Integal methods), L. Musílek, J. Šeda, J.Trousil, CVUT publication, 1992 (in Czech)

Recommended references:

[1] Handbook of Dosimetry and Radiation Protection, J. Sabol, CVUT publication, 1996 (in Czech)

[2] Fundamentals of Dosimetry, J. Sabol, CVUT publication, 1992 (in Czech)

[3] Dosimetry of Ionizing Radiation, J. Šeda, SNTL Praha, 1983 (in Czech)

Note:
Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-03-02
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet11307505.html