Fundamentals of Radiation Dosimetry 1
- Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation
History, development, and objectives of dosimetry. Quantities and units used for description of sources, fields, interactions of ionizing radiation, ionizations, energy transfer and absorption. Fundamentals of biological effects of ionizing radiation. Quantities and units used in radiation protection. Recommendations of ICRP and ICRU.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1. Development, objectives, and recent role of dosimetry.
2. Terminology, quantities, and units in nuclear physics and dosimetry.
3. Quantities and units describing sources of ionizing radiation.
4. Radiation field - quantities and units used for description of directly and indirectly ionizing radiation. Radiation and charge particle equilibrium.
5. Interaction of directly ionizing radiation - quantities describing interaction of directly ionizing radiation with matter. Linear energy transfer, stopping power.
6. Interaction of indirectly ionizing radiation - quantities describing interaction of indirectly ionizing radiation with matter. Attenuation, energy transfer, and absorption coefficients.
7. Quantities for description of ionizing effects.
8. Exposure - definition and development.
9. Kerma - definition and objectives. Calculation of kerma for photon fields. Relation between exposure and kerma.
10. Imparted energy and dose - definitions a calculation. Comparisons of dose with kerma and exposure for different situations.
11. Microdosimetry - specific a lineal energy. Differences between stochastic and deterministic quantities in dosimetry.
12. Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Survival curves, relative biological effectiveness, equivalent dose, and effective dose.
13. Operational quantities for staff and working environment monitoring. System of radiation protection. Limitation of irradiation and dose limits.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1.Interactions of particles
2.Statistics in radiation physics
6.Emission of a source
7.Fluence and flux
9.Interactions of photons and neutrons
10.Attenuation of gamma-rays
11.Shielding of radiation
- Study Objective:
Knowledge of quantities and units in radiological physics and dosimetry.
Application of quantities and units in radiological physics and dosimetry.
- Study materials:
 Fundamentals of Dosimetry, J. Sabol, CVUT publicatin, 1992 (in Czech)
 Handbook of Dosimetry and Radiation Protection, J. Sabol, CVUT publication, 1996 (in Czech)
 ČSN ISO 31-9 Quantities and Units - Part 9: Atomic and Nuclear Physic (in Czech)
 ČSN ISO 31-10 Quantities and Units - Part 10: Nuclear reactions and ionizing radiation (in Czech)
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans: