Principles of Ionizing Radiation Application

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Code Completion Credits Range
16UAZ ZK 2 2+0
Ladislav Musílek (guarantor)
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

Historical outline of applications, review of interaction of radiation with a matter, ionizing radiation sources for applications, detectors and devices for applications, evaluation of radionuclide measurements, use of penetration and scattering of radiation beams, activation analysis, X-ray fluorescence methods, tracer methods, radionuclides in age determination, further possibilities for the use of ionizing radiation.


Required prerequisities are 16JRF1 a 16JRF2.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Concise review of ionizing radiation application

2. Radionuclide sources of alpha, beta, gama and X-radiation for applications

3. X-ray tubes and particle accelerators as radiation sources for applications

4. Neutron sources - radionuclide sources (alpha, n), (gamma, n), Cf 252; neutron generators; nuclear reactor

5. Detectors and signal processing for radiation applications

6. Calibration curve and errors of measurement

7. Use of gamma and X-ray beam transmission

8. Crack detection and tomography

9. Use of photon backscattering

10. Use of transmission and backscattering of beta radiation - thicknesses, coatings, analysis of binary mixtures

11. Application of neutron transmission and scattering - neutron radiography, moisture measurements

12. Activation analysis - principles, sources of error, signal processing, possibilities of use

13. X-ray fluorescence analysis - principles, sources of error, possibilities of use

14. Radioactive indicators - principle, requirements, possibilities of use

15. Radionuclide methods of dating - radiocarbon, thermoluminescence, electron spin resonance, optically stimulated luminescence, potassium-argon method, methods based on decay series, etc.

16. Radiation technologies - use of physical, chemical and biological effects of ionizing radiation

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:


Broad overview of possibilities offered by ionizing radiation in technology, research and other areas of human activity.


Evaluation methods, their advantages and disadvantages in different applications.

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] E.M. Hussein: Handbook on radiation probing, gauging, imaging and analysis. Dordrecht, Kluwer 2003.

Recommended references:

[2] L. Musílek: Using ionising rradiation in research (in Czech). Praha, vyd. ČVUT 1992.

[3] J. Thýn et al.: Analysis and Diagnostics of Industrial Processes by Radiotracers and Radioisotope Sealed Sources. Praha, Vyd. ČVUT 2000.

[4] A. Gosman - Č. Jech: Nuclear methods in chemical research. Praha, Academia 1989.

[5] S. Rózsa: Nuclear Measurements in Industry. Budapest, Akadémiai Kiadó 1989

Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-03-02
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet11286705.html