Logo ČVUT
CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2018/2019

Experimental Reactor Physics

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range
17EXRF KZ 3 4
Lecturer:
Tutor:
Supervisor:
Department of Nuclear Reactors
Synopsis:

The lectures are focused on experimental methods used for determination of neutron-physical and basic operational parameters of on nuclear reactors. The lectures deal with research nuclear reactors, their classification and utilisation in the field of experimental reactor physics, experimental methods focused on reactivity measurement, determination of control rod characteristics in the nuclear reactor, dynamics study of nuclear reactor, realisation of the critical experiment. Within the last lectures is prepared basic critical experiment at VR-1 reactor.

The lectures are supplemented with experimental practices at the training reactor VR-1: reactivity measurement, control rod calibration, dynamics study of nuclear reactor, prediction of unknown critical state. The main part of practices is focused on realization of basic critical experiment at VR-1 reactor.

Requirements:

17ZAF, 17EXNF

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Research nuclear reactors

Range: 1 lecture,

Topic of lecture: Experimental methods of nuclear reactor physics. Classification of nuclear facilities and research reactors. Classification, parameters and utilisation of research reactors in the field of experimental reactor physics.

2. Reactivity measurement in nuclear reactors

Range: 1 lecture,

Topic of lecture: Static and dynamics techniques for reactivity determination. Source multiplication method. Source-jerk method. Rod-drop method. Positive period method. Inverse kinetic method.

3. Determination of control rod characteristics in the nuclear reactor

Range: 1 lecture,

Topic of lecture: Integral and differential control rod worth. Control rod worth. Methods focused on determination of control rod characteristics: inverse rate method and source multiplication method. Control rods inter-calibration.

4. Studium dynamiky jaderného reaktoru

Range: 1 lecture,

Topic of lecture: Kinetics and dynamics of nuclear reactor. Study of zero power reactor behaviour. Nuclear reactor in subcritical, critical and supercritical state with and without external neutron source. Study of pulse, transient and frequency characteristics of nuclear reactor. Reactivity feedbacks and their influence on nuclear reactor control and operation.

5. Preparation of basic critical experiment at VR-1 reactor

Range: 2 lectures,

Topic of lecture:

Basic requirements for core configurations in VR-1 reactor. Design of VR-1 reactor core configuration. Neutron-physical characteristics of VR-1 reactor core and their determination. Legislative requirements of State office for nuclear safety for basic critical experiment realisation.

Procedure of basic critical experiment preparation and realisation. Schedule of basic critical experiment, its structure and content. Critical experiment in nuclear reactor. Critical state prediction by inverse rate method. Approaching unknown critical state in nuclear reactor.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Practices will be running at training reactor VR-1

1. Reactivity measurement at VR-1 reactor

Range: 1 practice

Topic of practice: Source-jerk, rod-drop and positive period method application on reactivity measurement at VR-1 reactor.

2. Control rod calibration in VR-1 reactor

Range: 1 practice

Topic of practice: Determination of control rod worth and its calibration curve in VR-1 reactor by inverse rate method and source multiplication method. Control rods inter-intercalibration in VR-1 reactor.

3. Study of nuclear reactor dynamics

Range: 1 practice

Topic of practice: Study of VR-1 reactor behaviour in subcritical, critical and supercritical state with and without external neutron source. Study of VR-1 reactor response to the pulse, transient and periodic reactivity changes. Study of void reactivity coefficient influence on under-moderated and over-moderated nuclear reactor.

4. Approaching the critical state at VR-1 reactor

Range: 1 practice

Topic of practice: Prediction of unknown critical state at VR-1 reactor by inverse rate method. Approaching the critical state at VR-1 reactor by gradual change of control rod position.

5. Basic critical experiment at VR-1 reactor

Range: 3 practices

Topic of practices:

Calculating preparation of the basic critical experiment.

Elaboration of the basic critical experiment schedule.

Realisation of basic critical experiment at VR-1 reactor.

Study Objective:

detailed knowledge in the field of experimental reactor physics, knowledge and assumption of method focused on determination of basic neutron-physical and operational parameters in nuclear reactors.

orientation in the given problems, application of gained knowledge in the fields of science, research and other experimental subject matter, ability of preparation and realisation of experimental works, processing of experimental values and its analysis and interpretation

Study materials:

Key references:

Weston M. Stacey: Nuclear Reactor Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York 2001, ISBN 0-471-39127-1

Recommended references:

Lewis E.,E.: Fundamentals of Nuclear Reactor Physics, Elsevier Inc., USA 2008, ISBN: 978-0-12-370631-7

Media and tools:

training reactor VR-1

Note:
Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2019-06-16
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet11283905.html