Heat and Molecular Physics

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02TER Z,ZK 4 2+2 Czech
Petr Jizba (guarantor), Václav Zatloukal
Petr Jizba (guarantor), Václav Zatloukal
Department of Physics

1. thermal expansion of materials, heat transfer

2. stationary and non-stationary heat conduction, heat transfer and penetration

3. 1st and 2nd thermodynamic principle, ideal and real gas, entropy

4. non-chemical systems: dielectric and magnetic materials

5. Maxwell relations and thermodynamic potentials

6. kinetic theory: Maxwell's velocity distribution, ekvipartition theorem


knowledge of differential and integral calculus on the level of basic undergraduate courses

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Thermal linearplane and volume expansions. Thermal expansivity of gas.

2. Transport of heat:conduction,convection and radiation.Stationar conduction in thermally isolated and unisolated systems.

3. Non-stationar conduction. Common heat conduction equation.

4. Surface heat transfer.

5. The zeroth and first law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic process in ideal gas.The second law of thermodynamics. Carnot cycle. The Clausius unequality.

6. Entropy of homogeneous chemical system. The Gibbs paradoxon.

7. Common temperature, thermodynamic temperature.

8. Thermodymamic variables of non-chemical systems.

9. The heat capacity KV and Kp.

10. The third law of thermodynamics.

11. The equipartitionon theorem and its consequences.

12. The Maxwell law of distribution of molecular velocities.

13. The van der Waals gas. The Joule and Tomson experiment. Condensation of gases.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1)Thermal expansion.

2)Transport of heat. Stationary and non-stationary heat conduction.

3)Heat transfer and heat penetration.

4)The zeroth and first law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic processes in ideal gas.

5)The second law of thermodynamics, Carnot cyclus. General cyclic process.

5)Entropy of homogeneous chemical system. Exchange entropy.

6)TThe heat capacity KV and Kp.

7)The third law of thermodynamics.

8)The real gas. The van der Waals equation of state.

Study Objective:


knowledge of basic thermodynamic phenomena in chemical (and some non-chemical) systems.


application of the mathematical and conceptual formalism of thermodynamics on concrete practical examples from physical and engineering praxis

Study materials:

Key references:

1)latěk Maršák: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics,ČVUT, Praha, 2000. (in Czech)

2)Zlatěk Maršák, Eva Havránková : Collection of solved excersisies in physics,ČVUT,Praha, 2004. (in Czech)

Recommended references:

1)J.Kvasnica, Thermodynamics, (SNTL,1965) (in Czech)

2)K.Huang, Statistical Physics, (Wiley

1987, 2002)

3)F.Reif, Fundamentals of statistical and

thermal physics, (McGraw-Hill, 1965)

Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-01-26
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet11280105.html