Theory of Aircraft Engines
- Department of Aerospace Engineering
Forms of energy and their transformation. Thermal engine, thermal cycles, thermal efficiency. Thermal and construction schemes of piston and turbine engines, characteristics of their thermal cycles. Alculation of real thermal cycles of reciprocating and turbojet engines. Optimization of design parameters of thermal cycles. Thermo-physical properties of air and combustion products. Combustion of hydrocarbon fuels, combustion chambers and their characteristics, harmful pollutants producing. Flow machines, their operation principles and their classification. Compressor and its operation characteristics. Turbine and its operation characteristics. Inlets and through-flow characteristics. By-pass engines, and turbofan engines. Throttle, speed and altitude performance characteristics of piston and turbojet engines. Noise generation and modes of its reduction. Of design turbojet engine operation, role of automatic engine control. Turbojet engine starting.
Pasing and graduation in subjects:
- Syllabus of lectures:
- Syllabus of tutorials:
- Study Objective:
Explain processes of energy transformation in aircraft piston and turbine engines and describe in detail a course of thermodynamic state of working gases and fuels during their through-flow in both piston and turbojet engines. Understand a function of flow engines, particularly axial-flow and centrifugal flow compressor and axial-flow turbine and this both from the point of view of internal aero-thermodynamics and also from the point of view of operational characteristics. Understand function of combustion chamber, formation of the air-fuel mixture, combustion and its operational characteristics. Get up design thermal and construction schemes of turbojet engines, their thermal cycles for given design flight operation mode, realize a layout of the air and combustion products passage of the turbojet engine on the main flow streamline and calculate its operational characteristics. Understand the coactions of all of the jet engine construction modules and get oriented in its operation characteristics. Understand operation of the turbojet engine in off design flight regimes and understand the function of automatic control of the turbojet engine.
- Study materials:
Jerie J.: Teorie motorů, skripta ČVUT, 1996
Hanus D.: Pohon letadel, skripta ČVUT, 1991
Adamec J., Hanus D., Kocáb J., Maršálek J., Třetina K.: Pohonná jednotka, učební texty pro teoretickou přípravu dopravních pilotů dle předpisu JAR-FCL 1, Akademické nakladatelství CERM, s.r.o., Brno, 2006
Mattingly J.D.: Elements of Gas Turbine Propulsion, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1996
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans: